Understanding Next Generation Sequencing Methods


When it comes to sequencing DNA, there are a variety of techniques available. Understanding the different types of sequencing techniques can help you choose the best method for your specific needs. We’ve compiled a glossary of molecular biology terms to help you understand the terminology used.


Before you dive into next-generation sequencing, it’s important to understand the different methods available. While one method might be better suited for detecting a single nucleotide change, another method is best suited for detecting SNVs and indels. Both methods are based on the observation of polymerase kinetics.

Advance Technology

Next-generation sequencing technologies are constantly evolving and advancing. Each year, new frontiers are breached in this field. Single-cell sequencing, for example, allows for much more accurate nucleic acid information. Spatial sequencing, on the other hand, provides spatial resolution and insights into cell composition and interaction.


Understanding Next Generation Sequencing Methods biotechnologyniques involves using various technologies to generate genomic data. The Illumina sequencing technology provides high-throughput data and can generate 600 GB of data in a single day. This technology also has several advantages, including high accuracy and less sample-to-data ratio compared to other sequencing technologies.


The technology is constantly being improved and new frontiers are being breached every year. One example is single-cell sequencing, which allows researchers to obtain precise information about the nucleic acid content of a single cell. This approach does away with ensemble average readings and provides spatial resolution, which allows researchers to study cell composition and interaction.

Ion torrent

Biotechniques.com describes three different platforms used for next-generation sequencing. They include the Roche 454 system, the Ion Torrent platform, and the MiSeq platform. Each of these platforms provides different benefits and drawbacks, and they have different limitations. The Roche 454 system was discontinued in 2016. The Ion Torrent platform, on the other hand, relies on the direct release of H+ from DNA polymerase. This method does not require light and enables 200-bp reads in less than 2 hours.


The limitations of current NGS methods include short read lengths, small sequencing colonies, and progressive signal degradation. Nevertheless, there are many advantages of these technologies, including the ability to detect pathogens, improve crops, and better understand the functioning of genes.

Detective DNA

The process of sequencing DNA begins with an 8-mer probe binding to the template. The probe is ligated for detection, and then it is cleaved to release three nucleotides and a tagged dye. This process reveals the template sequence from position one onward.

Available Methods

Several methods are currently available for DNA sequencing. The Illumina method is one of the most widely used. It allows for massive amounts of DNA to be sequenced at once. It is also cheaper than traditional sequencing methods and can produce a complete genome in one day.

DNA Fragmentation

In order to use the next generation sequencing technology, total DNA has to be fragmented. Each fragment is then ligated to a unique sequence called an adapter. In this way, the DNA of multiple samples can be pooled together for sequencing. These adapters are short double-stranded DNA fragments, created by chemical synthesis. These adapters attach to the ends of the whole genome fragments to give sequencing primers a specific spot to anneal to.

Enormous Amount Of Data

Next-generation sequencing technology generates enormous amounts of data. With this technology, it is possible to sequence a whole genome in a day. This technology is also used for the validation of biomarkers and transcriptomic analysis. Illumina is one of the companies that contributes to this technology and is widely considered the most reliable platform provider.


SMRT sequencing is a powerful tool to study genetic mutations. It can be used to identify disease-causing mutations that affect many genes at once. This technology can produce high-quality genome-wide coverage because it uses long reads that average out a consensus view of the genome. SMRT sequencing is particularly useful for assembling novel genomes because its long reads reduce amplification biases.

Lead Addemblies

Short reads often lead to fragmented assemblies. Further sequencing is necessary to resolve these fragments.Single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing is an effective tool for assembling genomes of small organisms. It works by circularizing DNA strands and incorporating labelled bases. Upon integration, the labeled bases emit light. This light is recorded and decoded by a computer.

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